Isobutyl acetate is a colorless, clear liquid with a fruity scent. Its IUPAC name is 2-methylpropyl ethanoate. It is a highly-flammable liquid, with a flash point of 64 degrees Fahrenheit. When exposed to heat, flame, or an oxidizer, it poses a moderate explosive risk. It is not soluble in water.
This chemical is used as both a reaction intermediate and as a solvent. It is often used as a solvent for both lacquer and nitrocellulose. Consumers may know this chemical as a component of ink, toner, colorant, and paint. It also occurs naturally in plants such as pears and raspberries.
Between 50 million and 100 million gallons of this common chemical are produced each year in the United States alone. It is prepared via the esterification of isobutyl alcohol and acetic acid. Its isomers are n-butyl acetate, tert-butyl acetate, and sec-butyl acetate. These isomers are also commonly used as solvents.