Ammonia is one of the most commonly used and produced industrial chemicals in the United States, being widely used for many industrial and commercial purposes. Ammonia is also naturally present in both the environment and our own bodies. In the environment, ammonia is produced in soil as a byproduct of bacterial processes, such as the decomposition of organic matter like plants, animals, and animal wastes, and plays a vital role in the nitrogen cycle. Along with being essential for many biological processes, ammonia also serves as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide syntheses.
For industrial purposes, ammonia is mainly used for agricultural fertilizers. However, it can also be used for gas in refrigerators, purifying water supplies, and the manufacturing of many useful items like plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides, dyes and other chemicals, and household and industrial-strength cleaning products.