L-Asparagine is a non-essential amino acid involved in helping metabolic control of various cell functions within the brain and nerve tissue. The compound comes from biosynthesizing aspartic acid and ammonia via asparagine synthetase.
L-Asparagine has a molecular weight of 132.199 g/mol and a heavy atom count of nine. It also has a hydrogen bond donor count of three and a hydrogen bond acceptor count of four. The complexity of the compound is 134. It also has both a monoisotopic and exact mass of 132.053 g/mol.
It has a melting point of 453 °F (234 °C) and is soluble in 29.4ml of water at 77 °F (25 °C). L-Asparagine is also soluble in various alkalies and acids. It is not soluble in ethanol, methanol, benzene, or ether. L-Asparagine has a density of 4.8 x 10-8 mm Hg at 77 °F (25 °C). It emits toxic nitrogen oxide fumes when heated to the point of decomposition. L-Asparagine is often used in biomedical research and the preparation of cultures.