The technical term for this chemical is sodium bicarbonate. It is a white, crystalline powder that is made by mixing sodium ions with bicarbonate ions. It doesn’t have any odor, but it does produce an alkaline saline taste when ingested. It is not toxic to humans unless ingested in large quantities.
The reason that this chemical is called baking soda is that it is mostly utilized for baking. It acts as a leavening agent by releasing carbon dioxide, which causes the batter to rise and expand. However, there are many different uses for baking soda, which is why it can be a handy household item. Pest control, odor maintenance, and heartburn relief are just a few alternative uses for this chemical. It can also work well as a fire extinguisher or as an alkaline booster.
Although it is not toxic to humans, sodium bicarbonate should still be handled with care to preserve its purity and quality. It should be stored in a cool, dry area where it won’t absorb any chemicals or odors in the air.