Barium carbonate, also referred to as witherite, can be found in products like rat poisons, cement, and ceramic glazes. It can often be found in the form of an odorless white powder and is toxic when ingested.
Barium carbonate has a molecular weight of 197.335 g/mol and a heavy atom count of five. It also has a hydrogen bond donor count of zero and a hydrogen bond acceptor count of three. The complexity of the compound is 18.8. Barium carbonate also has both a monoisotopic and exact mass of 197.89 g/mol.
It has a melting point of 2,516 °F (1,380 °C) and has slight solubility in carbon dioxide water. Barium carbonate is also soluble in nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, and acetic acid. The compound is insoluble in sulfuric acid and ethanol. It has a density of 4.3 at 68 °F (20 °C).
Other products that use barium carbonate include marble substitutes and rubber products. It is also used to manufacture barium salts, paper, electrodes, and optical glasses.