Derived from components of the native, tropical Asian bergamot tree, bergamont oil is produced via cold press and purified through solvent extraction and vacuum distillation. Composed of over 300 compounds, bergamont oil is used extensively in aromatherapy and as a topical agent to treat a variety of health problems.
Main compounds in bergamont oil include linalyl acetate, limonene, y-terpinene and linalool.
Some studies have shown that bergamot oil appears to exhibit antifungal and anti-cancer effects involving human cancer cells. Animal studies found that rodents inhaling the aroma of bergamot oil became sedated and calm. Scientists are still investigating the effects of bergamot oil on the central nervous system.
Bergamot essential oil is used for aromatherapy, in cosmetics and as a flavoring for beverages and food. Some countries restrict use of bergamot essential oil because of its phototoxic side effects. Applying bergamot essential oil to the skin and then exposing the skin to sunlight may cause serious skin irritation.