The technical term for this chemical is sodium hypochlorite. It is a clear, colorless liquid that produces a strong, acrid odor. It is highly toxic to humans and can create thick vapors that may irritate the eyes and lungs if inhaled too much. It is dissolvable in water.
Bleach can be used for a variety of applications, but its primary purpose is cleaning and disinfecting. It works as a bactericide, which is why it works well on most surfaces. However, if those surfaces are used for food, then the bleach has to be food-grade. This chemical can also be utilized in textiles as it will whiten most clothing and remove any stains or dyes from them.
When handling bleach, proper safety equipment should be used at all times. Gloves, goggles, and a breathing mask should be worn to prevent accidental contact with the skin, eyes, or lungs. Although bleach is not corrosive, it can be highly toxic to humans.