Calamine is formed from the combination of zinc oxide and ferric acid. It can also come from a preparation of zinc carbonate. Calamine lotion also contains other ingredients like calcium hydroxide and phenol.
Calamine is often used to treat skin ailments like sunburns and insect bites. It also offers relief from irritation caused by the skin coming into contact with plants like poison oak or poison ivy. Other uses for calamine include treating eczema and conditions caused by illnesses like chickenpox or measles.
The compound helps dry out any oozing resulting from the irritation. It produces a cooling sensation that relieves the severity of symptoms being experienced.
Calamine is generally used as a topical agent. The amounts used will vary depending on the condition of the skin and the severity of the issue. It should be stored away in a place where it can avoid being frozen or coming into contact with moisture or direct light.