This reddish paramagnetic solid is extracted from cobalt ore, and is used primarily in the coloration and glazing of ceramics, but is also an essential mineral compound found in dietary nutritional supplements. Cobalt carbonate acts as an anti-caking agent, and it also aids the human body in the metabolizing of other essential minerals such as phosphorous. It is also essential to the body’s production of cobalamin, or Vitamin B12, when consumed and processed by microbiota in the digestive tract. Vitamin B12 helps convert carbohydrates, protein,and lipids in food into energy for the body, thus helping the body metabolize food more efficiently and provide greater benefits from proper nutrition. Vitamin B12 is also essential to red blood cell production and the proper function and health of nerve tissue and brain function. Cobalt carbonate helps the body produce Vitamin B12 naturally within the GI tract, and thus is considered an essential nutrient.